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Longitudinal study of the mcr-1 gene prevalence in Spanish food-producing pigs from 1998 to 2021 and its relationship with the use of polymyxins

Porcine Health Management publica este artículo de investigación

17 de marzo de 2022

Background
Resistance to colistin was an uncommon phenomenon traditionally linked to chromosome point mutations, but since the first description of a plasmid-mediated colistin-resistance in late 2015, transmissible resistance to colistin has become a Public Health concern. Despite colistin is considered as a human last resort antibiotic, it has been commonly used in swine industry to treat post-weaning diarrhoea in piglets. However, the progressively increase of colistin resistance during the last decade led to the Spanish Medicines and Healthcare Products Agency (AEMPS) to launch a strategic and voluntary plan aimed to reduce colistin consumption in pig production. Our longitudinal study (1998-2021) aimed to evaluate the trend of colistin resistance mediated through the mcr-1 mobile gene in Spanish food-producing pig population and compare it with published polymyxin sales data in veterinary medicine to assess their possible relationships.
Results
The first mcr-1 positive sample was observed in 2004, as all samples from 1998 and 2002 were mcr-1 PCR-negative. We observed a progressive increase of positive samples from 2004 to 2015, when mcr-1 detection reached its maximum peak (33/50; 66%). From 2017 (27/50; 54%) to 2021 (14/81; 17%) the trend became downward, reaching percentages significantly lower than the 2015 peak (p < 0.001). The abundance of mcr-1 gene in PCR-positive samples showed a similar trend reaching the highest levels in 2015 (median: 6.6×10 4 mcr-1 copies/mg of faeces), but decreased significantly from 2017 to 2019 (median 2.7×10 4 , 1.2×10 3 , 4.6×10 2
mcr-1 copies/mg of faeces for 2017, 2018 and 2019, respectively), and stabilizing in 2021 (1.6×10 2 mcr-1 copies/mg of faeces) with similar values than 2019.
Conclusions
Our study showed the decreasing trend of colistin resistance associated to mcr-1 gene, after a previous increase from among 2004-2015, since the European Medicines Agency and AEMPS strategies were applied in 2016 to reduce colistin use in animals, suggesting a connection between polymyxin use and colistin resistance. Thus, these plans could have been effective in mcr-1 reduction, reaching lower levels than those detected in samples collected 17 years ago, when resistance to colistin was not yet a major concern




Miguela-Villoldo P., Moreno MA., Rodriguez-Lazaro D., Gallardo A., Hernandez M., Serrano T., Saez-Llorente JL., De Frutos C., Aguero M., Quesada A., Dominguez L. y Ugarte-Ruiz M..




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Longitudinal study of the mcr-1 gene prevalence in Spanish food-producing pigs from 1998 to 2021 and its relationship with the use of polymyxins

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Longitudinal study of the mcr-1 gene prevalence in Spanish food-producing pigs from 1998 to 2021 and its relationship with the use of polymyxins



Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Zoonosis de Transmisión Alimentaria y Resistencia a Antimicrobianos (ZTA). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad de BurgosUnidad de Microbiología. Departamento de Biotecnología y Ciencia de los Alimentos. Universidad de Burgos (UBU).

Universidad de ExtremaduraDepartamento de Bioquímica, Biología Molecular y Genética. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Extremadura (UNEX).

Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y LeónLaboratorio de Biología Molecular y Microbiología. Instituto Tecnológico Agrario de Castilla y León (ITACyL).

Tecnologías y Servicios Agrarios S.A. TRAGSATEC.

Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y AlimentaciónSubdirección General de Sanidad e Higiene Animal y Trazabilidad. Dirección General de la Producción Agraria. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación (MAPA).

Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y AlimentaciónLaboratorio Central de Veterinaria (LCV). Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación (MAPA).

Universidad de ExtremaduraInstituto Universitario de Biotecnología Ganadera y Cinegética (INBIO G+C). Universidad de Extremadura (UNEX).



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- Un estudio refleja el descenso de la resistencia a la colistina en los cerdos de España - animalshealth.es







Porcine Health Management
FACTOR YEAR Q
3.048 2020

PMID: 35300732

ISSN: 2055-5660



TÍTULO: Longitudinal study of the mcr-1 gene prevalence in Spanish food-producing pigs from 1998 to 2021 and its relationship with the use of polymyxins


REVISTA: Porcine Health Management


NUMERACIÓN: 8(1):12


AÑO: 2022


EDITORIAL: Springer Nature


AUTORES: Miguela-Villoldo P., Moreno MA., Rodriguez-Lazaro D., Gallardo A., Hernandez M., Serrano T., Saez-Llorente JL., De Frutos C., Aguero M., Quesada A., Dominguez L. and Ugarte-Ruiz M..


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


First
Pedro Miguela Villoldo
11th
Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez
Last
María Ugarte Ruiz

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40813-022-00255-0


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Miguela-Villoldo P., Moreno MA., Rodriguez-Lazaro D., Gallardo A., Hernandez M., Serrano T., Saez-Llorente JL., De Frutos C., Aguero M., Quesada A., Dominguez L. y Ugarte-Ruiz M. Longitudinal study of the mcr-1 gene prevalence in Spanish food-producing pigs from 1998 to 2021 and its relationship with the use of polymyxins. Porcine Health Management. 8(1):12. 2022. (A). ISSN: 2055-5660. DOI: 10.1186/s40813-022-00255-0


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