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Large-scale study on virological and serological prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and dogs in Spain

Investigation article published in Transboundary and Emerging Diseases

November 1st, 2021

The disease produced by the severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is currently one of the primary concerns worldwide. Knowing the zoonotic origin of the disease and that several animal species, including dogs and cats, are susceptible to viral infection, it is critical to assess the relevance of pets in this pandemic. Here, we performed a large-scale study on SARS-CoV-2 serological and viral prevalence in cats and dogs in Spain in order to elucidate their role and susceptibility. Samples from animals in contact with COVID-19 positive people and/or compatible symptoms (n = 492), as well as from random animals (n = 1024), were taken. Despite the large number of animals analyzed, only 12 animals (eight dogs and four cats), which represents 0.79 % of the total analyzed animals (n = 1516), were positive for viral SARS-CoV-2 RNA detection by RT-qPCR, in which viral isolation was possible in four animals. We detected neutralizing antibodies in 34 animals, four of them also positive for PCR. This study evidences that pets are susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 infection in natural conditions but at a low level, as evidenced by the low percentage of positive animals detected, being infected humans the main source of infection. However, the inclusion of animals in the surveillance of COVID-19 is still recommended. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved




Barroso-Arevalo S., Barneto A., Ramos AM., Rivera B., Sanchez R., Sanchez-Morales I., Perez-Sancho M., Buendia A., Ferreras E., Ortiz-Menendez JC., Moreno I., Serres C., Vela C., Risalde MA., Dominguez L. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..




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Large-scale study on virological and serological prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and dogs in Spain

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Large-scale study on virological and serological prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and dogs in Spain



Participants:

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Clínica Veterinaria AyAVET.

Universidad ComplutenseFacultad de Ciencias Matemáticas. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Gobierno de Castilla-La ManchaSanidad y Biotecnología (SaBio). Instituto de Investigación en Recursos Cinegéticos (IREC). Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). Universidad de Castilla La Mancha (UCLM). Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha (JCCM).

Instituto de Salud Carlos IIIServicio de Inmunología. Centro Nacional de Microbiología (CNM). Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Medicina y Cirugía Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Inmunología y Genética Aplicada, S.A.Inmunología y Genética Aplicada, S.A. (INGENASA).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Anatomía y Anatomía Patológica Comparadas. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Universidad de CórdobaDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Universidad de CórdobaInstituto Maimonides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC). Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Universidad de CórdobaHospital Universitario Reina Sofía de Córdoba. Universidad de Córdoba (UCO).

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Inmunología Viral y Medicina Preventiva (SUAT). Servicio de Zoonosis Emergentes, de Baja Prevalencia y Agresivos Biológicos (NED). Servicio de Identificación y Caracterización Microbiana (ICM). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).



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Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
FACTOR YEAR Q
5.005 2020

NLMID: 101319538

PMID: 34724350

ISSN: 1865-1674



TITLE: Large-scale study on virological and serological prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and dogs in Spain


JOURNAL: Transbound. Emerg. Dis.


NUMERACIÓN: 1-16


AÑO: 2021


PUBLISHER: Blackwell Verlag


AUTHORS: Barroso-Arevalo S., Barneto A., Ramos AM., Rivera B., Sanchez R., Sanchez-Morales I., Perez-Sancho M., Buendia A., Ferreras E., Ortiz-Menendez JC., Moreno I., Serres C., Vela C., Risalde MA., Dominguez L. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM..


VISAVET PARTICIPANTS


First
Sandra Barroso Arévalo
4th
Belén Rivera Arroyo
7th
Marta Pérez Sancho
8th
Aránzazu Buendía Andrés
15th
Lucas Domínguez Rodríguez
Last
José Manuel Sánchez-Vizcaíno Rodríguez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/tbed.14366


CITE THIS PUBLICATION:

Barroso-Arevalo S., Barneto A., Ramos AM., Rivera B., Sanchez R., Sanchez-Morales I., Perez-Sancho M., Buendia A., Ferreras E., Ortiz-Menendez JC., Moreno I., Serres C., Vela C., Risalde MA., Dominguez L. and Sanchez-Vizcaino JM. Large-scale study on virological and serological prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in cats and dogs in Spain. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases. 1-16. 2021. (A). ISSN: 1865-1674. DOI: 10.1111/tbed.14366


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