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Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing to Unravel the Genetic Diversity of a Prevalent Mycobacterium bovis Spoligotype in a Multi-Host Scenario in Spain

Investigación publicada en Frontiers in Microbiology

11 de julio de 2022

Despite the efforts invested in the eradication of bovine tuberculosis in Spain, herd prevalence has remained constant in the country during the last 15 years (~1.5–1.9%) due to a combination of epidemiological factors impairing disease control, including between-species transmission. Here, our aim was to investigate the molecular diversity of Mycobacterium bovis isolates belonging to the highly prevalent SB0339 spoligotype in the cattle-wildlife interface in different regions of Spain using whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Genomic data of 136 M. bovis isolates recovered from different animal species (cattle, wild boar, fallow deer, and red deer) and locations between 2005 and 2018 were analyzed to investigate between- and within-species transmission, as well as within-herds. All sequenced isolates differed by 49–88 single nucleotide polymorphisms from their most recent common ancestor. Genetic heterogeneity was geographic rather than host species-specific, as isolates recovered from both cattle and wildlife from a given region were more closely related compared to isolates from the same species but geographically distant. In fact, a strong association between the geographic and the genetic distances separating pairs of M. bovis isolates was found, with a significantly stronger effect when cattle isolates were compared with wildlife or cattle-wildlife isolates in Spain. The same results were obtained in Madrid, the region with the largest number of sequenced isolates, but no differences depending on the host were observed. Within-herd genetic diversity was limited despite the considerable time elapsed between isolations. The detection of closely related strains in different hosts demonstrates the complex between-host transmission dynamics present in endemic areas in Spain. In conclusion, WGS results a valuable tool to track bTB infection at a high resolution and may contribute to achieve its eradication in Spain




Pozo P., Lorente-Leal V., Robbe-Austerman S., Hicks J., Stuber T., Bezos J., de Juan L., Saez-Llorente JL., Romero B., Alvarez J. y on behalf of the Spanish Network on Surveillance Monitoring of Animal Tuberculosis.




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Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing to Unravel the Genetic Diversity of a Prevalent Mycobacterium bovis Spoligotype in a Multi-Host Scenario in Spain

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Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing to Unravel the Genetic Diversity of a Prevalent Mycobacterium bovis Spoligotype in a Multi-Host Scenario in Spain



Participantes:

Universidad ComplutenseServicio de Micobacterias (MYC). Centro de Vigilancia Sanitaria Veterinaria (VISAVET). Universidad Complutense (UCM).

Universidad ComplutenseDepartamento de Sanidad Animal. Facultad de Veterinaria. Universidad Complutense (UCM).

U.S. Department of AgricultureAnimal and Plant Health Inspection Services (APHIS). U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).

Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y AlimentaciónSubdirección General de Sanidad e Higiene Animal y Trazabilidad. Dirección General de la Producción Agraria. Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación (MAPA).







Frontiers in Microbiology
FACTOR YEAR Q
5.640 2020

NLMID: 101548977

PMID: 35898917

ISSN: 1664-302X



TÍTULO: Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing to Unravel the Genetic Diversity of a Prevalent Mycobacterium bovis Spoligotype in a Multi-Host Scenario in Spain


REVISTA: Front Microbiol


NUMERACIÓN: 13:915843


AÑO: 2022


EDITORIAL: Frontiers Research Foundation


AUTORES: Pozo P., Lorente-Leal V., Robbe-Austerman S., Hicks J., Stuber T., Bezos J., de Juan L., Saez-Llorente JL., Romero B., Alvarez J. and on behalf of the Spanish Network on Surveillance Monitoring of Animal Tuberculosis.


PARTICIPANTES VISAVET


First
Pilar Pozo Piñol
2nd
Victor Lorente Leal
6th
Javier Bezos Garrido
7th
Lucía de Juan Ferré
9th
Beatriz Romero Martínez
10th
Julio Álvarez Sánchez

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2022.915843


CITA ESTA PUBLICACIÓN:

Pozo P., Lorente-Leal V., Robbe-Austerman S., Hicks J., Stuber T., Bezos J., de Juan L., Saez-Llorente JL., Romero B., Alvarez J. y on behalf of the Spanish Network on Surveillance Monitoring of Animal Tuberculosis. Use of Whole-Genome Sequencing to Unravel the Genetic Diversity of a Prevalent Mycobacterium bovis Spoligotype in a Multi-Host Scenario in Spain. Frontiers in Microbiology. 13:915843. 2022. (A). ISSN: 1664-302X. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2022.915843


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